Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) are registered nurses or Nurse Practitioners who have completed specialized education and clinical preparation in the medical forensic care of the patient who has experienced sexual assault or abuse.
One component of the streamlined care the SANE can offer is the comprehensive medical forensic examination. This exam at it’s broadest is composed of the medical forensic history, a detailed physical and emotional assessment, written/electronic and photographic documentation, collection and management of forensic samples, and providing emotional and social support and resources. The SANE also testifies in any legal proceedings related to the examination and ensures the proper chain of custody and integrity of the samples is maintained so that the evidence will be admissible in court.
The SANE often collaborates with other disciplines in the community who provide unique services to sexual assault victims. These may include: advocates, law enforcement, crime lab personnel, child protection and attorneys. These professionals are also striving to assure that the response to a patient who has been sexually assaulted in their community is victim-centered and compassionate, resulting in a successful criminal justice response.
There is an epidemic of domestic violence, child abuse, elder abuse, strangulation, and human trafficking in the United States. Strangulation is often associated with Sexual assault. Securing an expert consultation regarding these issues can increase prosecution rates and length of incarceration for convicted perpetrators. An expert witness that can relay the crucial facts to a jury in relatable terms can augment a case for a conviction or exoneration of suspects accused of these offenses.